UNESCO World Heritage Danube Limes


The Danube Limes, the fortifications along the Danube in Bavaria, Austria and Slovakia, form the third section of the major UNESCO project "Frontiers of the Roman Empire" after Hadrian's Wall and Antonine Wall in Great Britain and the "Upper German-Raetian Limes" in Germany.


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The Roman Empire was one of the largest empires in world history and reached its maximum extent under Emperor Trajan at the beginning of the 2nd century AD. It covered an area of ​​over 6.2 million km² and its borders of more than 7,500 km were shaped by river courses, land borders with artificial barriers, mountain ranges and desert areas.

Under the project title "Frontiers of the Roman Empire", its entire course is now being placed under the protection of the international community as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

For centuries, the Limes drew the border between the Roman Empire and the tribal areas of Germania not occupied by the Romans and ran from the North Sea to the Black Sea. The Danube formed the natural northern border of the Roman Empire in the area of ​​Bavaria, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary and further downstream. Despite the natural river barrier, the border was heavily fortified to secure the border of the empire, but also to ensure a regulated transfer of goods.

The 360 ​​km long Austrian section of the Danube Limes was secured by 4 legion camps, 14 auxiliary camps and 20 known watchtowers (burgi). The actual number of watchtowers was probably significantly higher. The best-known legionary camps in the Austrian sector were Lauriacum (Enns), Vindobona (Vienna) and Carnuntum. In the event of an uncontrolled border crossing by Germanic troops, an uninterrupted chain of signals between the watchtowers and the camps enabled the Roman military to react quickly.

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