Milestones in Carnuntum's science and museum history

A general awareness of Carnuntum’s importance and the need of securing its legacy developed only in the second half of the 19th century. Sporadic interest has already been shown in the Renaissance, however, for a long time a considerable number of valuable artifacts was irretrievably lost by antiquarians and treasure hunters on the one hand and the recycling of the ruins used as a quarry on the other. Stones from Carnuntum were used amongst others for the construction of the St. Stephen's Basilica in Vienna. A brief outline sheds light on some of the most important facts of Carnuntum’s science and museum history.

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Matthias Fuhrmann releases the first scientific publication on stone inscriptions in Carnuntum in Latin and Greek language.


Freiherr von Sacken releases the first comprehensive study on Carnuntum.

from 1877

First systematic excavations: legionaries' camp, Military City's Amphitheatre, Mithraeum (the latter is on display at the Museum Carnuntinum). Excavations and restorations near the Heidentor.


Foundation of the "Gesellschaft der Freunde Carnuntums" ("Society  of friends of Carnuntum"), a private association to promote research of Carnuntums' cultural heritage. Luminaries of nobility, bourgeoisie, science and economy were among its first members.


Inauguration of the Museum Carnuntinum in Bad Deutsch-Altenburg by Emperor Francis Joseph I.


First excavations near the Forum's baths and the Civilian City in Petronell-Carnuntum.


Resumption of scientific excavations in the Roman city quarter.

1977 – 97

Excavations in the Roman fort.


Foundation of the Archäologische Kulturpark Niederösterreich Betriebsges.m.b.H.

2000 – 2013

Intensive archaeological research in the Civilian City. Reconstructions of Lucius' house, villa urbana, Roman baths and domus quarta.


Discovery of the gladiator school.

2012 – 2014

Comprehensive study of the ancient urban area of 10 km2 with non-invasive methods.


Conferment of the first European Cultural Heritage Award.


Foundation of the Familia Gladiatoria Carnuntina.

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